統計方法

Unbound: Howto Statistics

By W.C.A. Wijngaards, NLnet Labs, March 2009.

This how to contains a guide for configuring statistics in unbound.
Below, statistics with Munin and Cacti is shown.
Other systems than the ones listed here are possible, this is an example.

Config

Unbound has an option to enable extended statistics collection.
If enabled, more statistics are collected, for example what types of
queries are sent to the resolver. Otherwise, only the total number of
queries is collected.

Statistics can be printed to the log file using the
statistics-interval, but this howto concentrates on using
unbound-control to obtain statistics on demand.
If you set a statistics-interval, every interval it is printed to the logfile.

To use unbound-control, first setup unbound control (use the
unbound-control-setup script).
See howto setup unbound.
Then you can use the unbound-control stats command to print
out the statistics on demand.

Various graphing tools expect the counters to go up over time. Some may
expect counters to be reset to 0 since the previous statistics printout.
The statistics-cumulative option controls unbounds behaviour.
By default it is set to no, which resets values to zero after
stat printout.

# enable extended statistics.
server:
        statistics-interval: 0
        extended-statistics: yes
        # set to yes if graphing tool needs it
        statistics-cumulative: no 

Statistics with Munin

In the contrib directory in the source of unbound is the
unbound_munin_ plugin script. It can be used with munin
to monitor the health of an unbound server.

Install munin and munin-node with the appropriate package install tool. The
plugin script for unbound can be copied somewhere on the system (such as
in the unbound directory). Then create symbolic links
from /etc/munin/plugins to that file.

$ ln -s /etc/unbound/unbound_munin_ /etc/munin/plugins/unbound_munin_hits

In the /etc/munin/plugin-conf.d/plugins.conf file you can setup the
unbound munin plugin. Below are the default values. Set the correct
values for your system. The statefile is a temporary file.

[unbound*]
user root
env.statefile /usr/local/var/munin/plugin-state/unbound-state
env.unbound_conf /usr/local/etc/unbound/unbound.conf
env.unbound_control /usr/local/sbin/unbound-control
env.spoof_warn 1000
env.spoof_crit 100000

Restart the munin-node daemon. Munin will automatically pick up the new
graph and plot it with rrdtool.

Additional graphs are possible, below is
a list of them, and examples. Create (additional) symbolic links
to unbound_munin_ with the names (in bold) of those graphs
to enable their display. Several require that
extended-statistics is enabled in config. Pictures included
are samples, your statistics may look different :-) .

unbound_munin_hits - base volume, cache hits, unwanted traffic

A sharp increase in unwanted traffic indicates a possible spoof run in progress.

unbound_munin_queue - to monitor the internal requestlist


unbound_munin_memory - memory usage

You can see that the server was restarted during the day.

unbound_munin_by_type - incoming queries by type

The types received are shown.

unbound_munin_by_class - incoming queries by class

Usually only IN (internet) class.

unbound_munin_by_opcode - incoming queries by opcode

Usually only QUERY (normal query).

unbound_munin_by_rcode - answers by rcode, validation status


unbound_munin_by_flags - incoming queries by flags


unbound_munin_histogram - histogram of query resolving times


Statistics with Cacti

The setup is described in the README in the tarball in the unbound source
contrib directory:
contrib/unbound_cacti.tar.gz
(contributed by Dmitriy Demidov). Updated versions may be found
here (lissyara.su).

Example output from unbound cacti statistics