Unbound: Howto Statistics
By W.C.A. Wijngaards, NLnet Labs, March 2009.
This how to contains a guide for configuring statistics in unbound.
Below, statistics with Munin and Cacti is shown.
Other systems than the ones listed here are possible, this is an example.
Unbound has an option to enable extended statistics collection.
If enabled, more statistics are collected, for example what types of
queries are sent to the resolver. Otherwise, only the total number of
queries is collected.
Statistics can be printed to the log file using the
statistics-interval, but this howto concentrates on using
unbound-control to obtain statistics on demand.
If you set a statistics-interval, every interval it is printed to the logfile.
To use unbound-control, first setup unbound control (use the
See howto setup unbound.
Then you can use the
unbound-control stats command to print
out the statistics on demand.
Various graphing tools expect the counters to go up over time. Some may
expect counters to be reset to 0 since the previous statistics printout.
statistics-cumulative option controls unbounds behaviour.
By default it is set to
no, which resets values to zero after
# enable extended statistics. server: statistics-interval: 0 extended-statistics: yes # set to yes if graphing tool needs it statistics-cumulative: no
Statistics with Munin
In the contrib directory in the source of unbound is the
unbound_munin_ plugin script. It can be used with munin
to monitor the health of an unbound server.
Install munin and munin-node with the appropriate package install tool. The
plugin script for unbound can be copied somewhere on the system (such as
in the unbound directory). Then create symbolic links
from /etc/munin/plugins to that file.
$ ln -s /etc/unbound/unbound_munin_ /etc/munin/plugins/unbound_munin_hits
/etc/munin/plugin-conf.d/plugins.conf file you can setup the
unbound munin plugin. Below are the default values. Set the correct
values for your system. The statefile is a temporary file.
[unbound*] user root env.statefile /usr/local/var/munin/plugin-state/unbound-state env.unbound_conf /usr/local/etc/unbound/unbound.conf env.unbound_control /usr/local/sbin/unbound-control env.spoof_warn 1000 env.spoof_crit 100000
Restart the munin-node daemon. Munin will automatically pick up the new
graph and plot it with rrdtool.
Additional graphs are possible, below is
a list of them, and examples. Create (additional) symbolic links
unbound_munin_ with the names (in bold) of those graphs
to enable their display. Several require that
extended-statistics is enabled in config. Pictures included
are samples, your statistics may look different :-) .
unbound_munin_hits - base volume, cache hits, unwanted traffic
A sharp increase in unwanted traffic indicates a possible spoof run in progress.
unbound_munin_queue - to monitor the internal requestlist
unbound_munin_memory - memory usage
You can see that the server was restarted during the day.
unbound_munin_by_type - incoming queries by type
The types received are shown.
unbound_munin_by_class - incoming queries by class
Usually only IN (internet) class.
unbound_munin_by_opcode - incoming queries by opcode
Usually only QUERY (normal query).
unbound_munin_by_rcode - answers by rcode, validation status
unbound_munin_by_flags - incoming queries by flags
unbound_munin_histogram - histogram of query resolving times
Statistics with Cacti
The setup is described in the README in the tarball in the unbound source
(contributed by Dmitriy Demidov). Updated versions may be found
Example output from unbound cacti statistics